Glaucoma is a disease that damages the eye’s optic nerve. It is the second leading cause of blindness around the world, and people who are over age 60 are at a greatly increased risk for glaucoma.1

In this guide, we’ll examine the causes, signs, symptoms, complications and treatments for glaucoma and provide a list of state and national resources for those suffering from or at risk of glaucoma

What Are the Types of Glaucoma?

Glaucoma is not just a single condition. It refers to a group of conditions that can happen when the optic nerve of your eye becomes damaged.

The optic nerve ­– or cranial nerve – is located in the back of the eye and serves as the main transmitter of visual information from your eye to your brain.  

There are several different types of glaucoma.

Open-Angle Glaucoma 

Also called chronic or primary glaucoma, open-angle is the most common form of glaucoma, accounting for around 90 percent of all cases.2 “Open angle” means there is a wide open angle between the iris and cornea.

This type of glaucoma develops slowly and usually includes symptoms and damage that are not easily noticed.

Angle-Closure Glaucoma

Also called acute or narrow-angle glaucoma, this type of glaucoma develops very quickly with noticeable signs and symptoms and requires immediate medical attention.

In this type of glaucoma, the angle between the iris and cornea is closing.    

Normal-Tension Glaucoma

The causes of this type of glaucoma, also called low-tension or normal-pressure glaucoma, are still unknown.

People of Japanese ancestry, those with a family history of normal-tension glaucoma and those with a history of systemic heart disease have been shown to be at an increased risk for this type of glaucoma.3

Congenital Glaucoma

This rare type of glaucoma occurs in babies and may be inherited.

Also called childhood glaucoma, pediatric glaucoma or infantile glaucoma, this condition is caused by an incorrect development of the eye’s drainage system prior to birth. 

Secondary Glaucoma

Secondary glaucoma refers to any other form of glaucoma in which there is an identifiable cause, such as injury, certain drugs or medications, diabetes, cataracts or inflammation.

Secondary glaucoma can be grouped into several different categories:

  • Exfoliative glaucoma
    A flaky material peels off from the outer layer of the eye and collects between the cornea and iris.

  • Neovascular glaucoma
    New blood vessels form on the iris and over the eye’s drainage channels.

  • Pigmentary glaucoma
    Pigment granules in the back of the iris break into the clear fluid that is produced inside the eye.

  • Traumatic glaucoma
    Injuries bruise or penetrate the eye.

  • Uveitic glaucoma
    Swelling and inflammation of the middle layer of the eye called uveitis can lead to glaucoma.

What Causes Glaucoma?

Glaucoma is caused by a buildup of pressure in the eye.

A normal level of ocular pressure ranges from 12 to 22 millimeters of Mercury. Anything above that level could lead to glaucoma. 

There is fluid that flows naturally between the iris and the cornea of the eye which cleanses other parts of the eye and provides a necessary lubricant. If that fluid is unable to then escape the eye at its normal rate, pressure can build up and glaucoma can begin to form as a result.

The problem causing the buildup can be something that is blocking the fluid from escaping, or it can be traced to too much fluid being produced in the first place.

The blockage of fluid or release of excess fluid do not have a known cause, though doctors know it can be inherited and have identified certain genes that present an increased risk.

People with any of the following traits may be at an increased risk for developing glaucoma:

  • Age 40 and over, and especially those age 60 and over
  • Family history of glaucoma
  • Asian, Hispanic or African heritage
  • Elevated eye pressure
  • Thin corneas
  • Farsightedness or nearsightedness
  • Have suffered an eye injury
  • Long-term use of steroid medications
  • Have diabetes, migraines, high-blood pressure, poor blood circulation or other health problems 

What Are the Signs and Symptoms of Glaucoma?

The signs and symptoms of glaucoma can depend partly on the type of glaucoma that is present.

Some of the symptoms sometimes associated with glaucoma can include:

  • Pain in the eye or forehead
  • Redness of the eye
  • Blurred or decreased vision
  • Seeing a halo or rainbow effect
  • Headaches 
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting

Spotty vision or blind spots can affect your peripheral vision and lead to tunnel vision, which is when you can no longer see to the side, above or below without turning your head. Tunnel vision can eventually progress to total blindness, which occurs during the final stages of glaucoma. 

Glaucoma often doesn’t cause any pain, especially in the early stages. And because the symptoms can come on slowly, studies estimate that only around 50 percent of people with glaucoma are even aware that they have the disease.5

Many people don’t experience any real glaucoma symptoms until the disease has progressed into the later stages. 

How Is Glaucoma Diagnosed?

Glaucoma can be detected with a visual field test, in which a doctor will ask you to spot flashing lights around the rim of your field of vision.

There are also a few more technical approaches to diagnosing glaucoma. 

  • Tonometry
    Eye drops are used to numb the eye, and then a machine directs a puff of air into the eye which measures the internal pressure.

  • Gonioscopy
    This type of test measures the width of the angle between your iris and your cornea.

  • Ophthalmoscopy
    Eye drops are used to dilate the pupils, and then a doctor uses a magnifying device to examine the back of your eye to check the health of your optic nerve.        

One way to catch glaucoma in its early stages is to have your vision checked on an annual basis. 

How Can Glaucoma Affect Your Health?

Deteriorating vision can have a greater effect on your overall health.

For example, vision loss can greatly increase the risk of falls, especially among senior adults.

Poor vision can also contribute to senior isolation or depression, as it can become more difficult to socialize, partake in hobbies and do things outside of the house.

Glaucoma may also affect your ability to complete activities of daily living (ADLs), such as bathing, dressing and preparing food.

How Is Glaucoma Treated?

There are a few different ways to treat glaucoma. The type of treatment used generally depends on the type of glaucoma that is present.

Eye Drops

Eye drops are an easier form of glaucoma treatment. The type of drops used are designed to reduce pressure in the eye and increase the flow of fluid.

Some people experience side effects of these eye drops, including dizziness, asthma attacks, cardiovascular disease, nausea and fatigue. 

Prescription Medication

Prescription drugs may be used to address the amount of fluid buildup in the eye or the rate that it is flowing back out.

Medication may also be used to address some secondary causes of glaucoma such as diabetes, high or low blood pressure or heart conditions. 

Medical Marijuana

Medical marijuana has been shown to reduce pressure in the eyes and has been used to treat glaucoma.

Medical marijuana is legal in 38 states (as of 2023), so not everyone has access to this type of treatment.6


Surgery is often a last resort after other treatments don’t work, or if the glaucoma has been left untreated and is in its final stages.

Laser surgery offers a quick and painless solution to unclogging the path for fluid to properly flow through the eye. Traditional glaucoma surgery involves a doctor manually entering the eye to open up new drainage areas.  

Does Medicare Cover Glaucoma Treatment?

Medicare Part B provides some coverage of glaucoma tests and treatment. 

  • Tests are covered once every 12 months if you are deemed to be at high risk for glaucoma.

    Those considered to be high-risk for Medicare purposes include those with diabetes, those with a family history of glaucoma, African Americans age 50 and over and Hispanic Americans age 65 and over. 

    You’ll typically pay 20 percent of the Medicare-approved amount for the test (or a flat fee copayment, if the test is performed in a hospital outpatient setting) after you meet your annual Part B deductible. 

  • Outpatient glaucoma surgery is covered by Medicare Part B.

  • Eye drops and prescription medication may be covered by a Medicare Part D prescription drug plan or a Medicare Advantage (Medicare Part C) plan that includes drug coverage.

    Medicare Part D or Part C plan benefits and availability may vary based on where you live.

Speak with your doctor or health care provider to find out more about how much your glaucoma test or treatment may cost.

The national and state resources listed below can help support you or your loved ones who may be suffering from glaucoma and other vision problems.

National Resources

Prevent Blindness

Prevent Blindness is a volunteer eye health and safety organization that has been fighting blindness through awareness, advocacy and education for more than 100 years. 

EyeCare America

EyeCare America provides comprehensive eye exams and eye care to eligible people age 65 and older, often with no out-of-pocket expenses.  

Lions Club International

Financial assistance for eye care can often be found through a local Lions Club chapter. Lions Club International is a charitable organization that serves communities through a variety of different programs and initiatives.

Knights Templar Eye Foundation

Sponsored by the Grand Encampment of Knights Templar, this charity organization aims to improve vision through research, education and supporting access to care.

SEE International

SEE International provides eye care to people all over the world using volunteer doctors and clinics. 

New Eyes for the Needy

This not-for-profit organization collects, recycles and distributes donated eyeglasses to people who cannot afford them. 

Glaucoma Research Foundation

The Glaucoma Research Foundation is a national non-profit organization dedicated to finding a cure for glaucoma.

National Federation of the Blind

The National Federation of the Blind coordinates programs, services and resources for blind people throughout the U.S. 


BrightFocus is a non-profit organization that supports research in the fight against glaucoma. 

The Glaucoma Foundation

The Glaucoma Foundation is a non-profit organization supporting research and collaboration in working toward a cure for glaucoma. 

State Resources for Glaucoma

Select your state



Alabama Medicaid

Phone: (334) 242-5000

Alabama Department of Senior Services

Phone: (800) 243-5463

Alabama Library and Resource Center for the Blind and Physically Handicapped

Phone: (256) 761-3237

Alabama Industries for the Blind

Phone: (256) 761-3660


Denali Care

Phone: (907) 465-3347

Alaska Commission on Aging

Phone: (907) 465-4879

Alaska State Library Talking Book Center

Phone: (907) 465-5901

Alaska Center for the Blind and Visually Impaired

Phone: (907) 248-7770

Assistive Technology of Alaska

Phone: (907) 563-2599 


Arizona Medicaid Vision Insurance

Phone: (855) 432-7587

Arizona Office on Aging

Phone: (602) 542-4710

Arizona Department of Administration Benefits - Vision Plans

Phone: (888) 759-9772

AOS Foundation

Phone: (480) 962-9121

Arizona Eye Foundation

Phone: (602) 251-3400

Arizona Center for the Blind and Visually Impaired

Phone: (602) 273-7411


Arkansas Medicaid Vision Insurance

Phone: (800) 482-5431

Arkansas Department of Human Services

Phone: (501) 686-9164

Arkansas Health Care Access Foundation, Inc.

Phone: (800) 950-8233

Arkansas Division of Aging and Adult Services

Phone: (501) 682-2441

Division of Services for the Blind

Phone: (501) 682-5463


Medi-Cal Benefits

Phone: (800) 300-1506

California Department of Aging

Phone: (800) 510-2020

Braille and Talking Book Library, California State Library

Phone: (916) 654-0640

Assistive Technology Exchange Center

Phone: (714) 361-6200

Blindness Support Services, Inc.

Phone: (951) 341-9244


Health First Colorado Vision Benefit

Phone: (800) 221-3943

Colorado Commission on Aging

Phone: (303) 866-5700

Colorado Talking Book Library

Phone: (303) 727-9277

Colorado Center for the Blind

Phone: (303) 778-1130

Center for Independence

Phone: (970) 241-0315


Husky Health

Phone: (877) 284-8759

Connecticut Aging Committee

Phone: (860) 240-0100

Library for the Blind and Physically Handicapped, Connecticut State Library

Phone: (860) 721-2020

Connecticut State Department on Aging

Phone: (860) 424-5274

Connecticut Assistive Technology Project

Phone: (860) 424-4881


Delaware Assist

Phone: (302) 255-9500 

Division for the Visually Impaired

Phone: (302) 255-9800

Blindsight Delaware

Phone: (302) 998-5913

Delaware Council of the Blind and Visually Impaired

Phone: (302) 798-8192

District Of Columbia

DC Medicaid

Phone: (202) 727-5355

DC Regional Library for the Blind and Physically Handicapped

Phone: (202) 727-2142

District of Columbia Office on Aging

Phone: (202) 724-5622

Assistive Technology Program for the District of Columbia

Phone: (202) 547-0198

Columbia Lighthouse for the Blind

Phone: (202) 454-6400


Access Florida

Phone: (866) 762-2237

Florida Department of Elder Affairs

Phone: (850) 414-2000

Preserve Vision Florida

Phone: (813) 874-2020

Division of Blind Services

Phone: (850) 245-0331

Florida Bureau of Braille and Talking Book Library Services

Phone: (386) 239-6000


Georgia Assistance

Phone: (404) 651-8681

Georgia Division of Aging Services

Phone: (866) 552-4464

Georgia Charitable Care Network

Phone: (404) 494-7823

Lions Lighthouse

Phone: (404) 325-3630

Georgia Industries for the Blind

Phone: (229) 248-2666



Phone: (800) 316-8005

Hawaii Office of Aging

Phone: (808) 961-8600

Project Vision

Phone: (808) 282-2265

Hawaii State Library for the Blind and Physically Handicapped

Phone: (808) 733-8444

Assistive Technology Resource Centers of Hawaii

Phone: (808) 532-7110


Idaho Medicaid

Phone: (877) 456-1233

Idaho Commission on Aging

Phone: (208) 334-3833

Idaho Commission for the Blind and Visually Impaired

Phone: (208) 334-3220

Idaho Assistive Technology Project

Phone: (208) 885-6000

Idaho Commission for Libraries Talking Book Service

Phone: (208) 334-2150


Illinois Department of Healthcare and Family Services

Phone: (866) 468-7543

Illinois Department on Aging

Phone: (312) 814-8449

Illinois Society for the Prevention of Blindness

Phone: (312) 363-6029

OASIS for the Visually Impaired

Phone: (708) 995-6121

Illinois Assistive Technology Project

Phone: (217) 522-7985

Chicago Lighthouse for People Who Are Blind or Visually Impaired

Phone: (312) 666-1331


Indiana Medicaid

Phone: (877) 822-7196

Indiana Areas on Aging

Phone: (800) 457-8283

Low Vision Centers of Indiana

Phone: (317) 844-0919

Talking Books for the Blind and Physically Handicapped

Phone: (812) 379-1277

Indiana Division of Aging

Phone: (317) 232-7867


Iowa Health Link

Phone: (800) 338-8366

Iowa Department on Aging

Phone: (800) 532-3213

Iowa Department for the Blind

Phone: (515) 281-1333

Iowa Educational Services for the Blind and Visually Impaired

Phone: (712) 309-0678

Iowa Library for the Blind and Physically Handicapped

Phone: (515) 281-1378



Phone: (800) 792-4884

Kansas Department for Aging and Disability Services

Phone: (785) 296-4986

Assistive Technology for Kansans Project

Phone: (620) 421-8367

Kansas Braille Transcription Institute

Phone: (316) 265-9692

Kansas Talking Book Library Service

Phone: (620) 341-6280


Kentucky Medicaid

Phone: (800) 372-2973

Department for Aging and Independent Living

Phone: (502) 564-6930

Kentucky Office for the Blind

Phone: (502) 782-3414

Kentucky Assistive Technology Service Network

Phone: (800) 327-5287

Low Vision Services of Kentucky

Phone: (859) 977-1129


Louisiana Medicaid

Phone: (888) 342-6207

Office of Aging & Adult Services

Phone: (866) 758-5035

Lighthouse Louisiana

Phone: (504) 899-4501

Affiliated Blind of Louisiana

Phone: (337) 234-6492

Louisiana Assistive Technology Access Network

Phone: (225) 925-9500

Louisiana Association for the Blind

Phone: (318) 635-6471



Phone: (207) 287-3703

Office of Aging and Disability Services

Phone: (800) 262-2232

Maine Department of Labor: Division for the Blind and Visually Impaired

Phone: (207) 623-7900

Library Services for the Blind and Physically Handicapped, Maine State Library

Phone: (207) 287-5650 


Maryland Medicaid

Phone: (410) 767-6500

Commissions on Aging in Maryland

Phone: (410) 767-1100

Blind Industries and Services of Maryland

Phone: (410) 737-2600

Low Vision of Maryland

Phone: (301) 579-3204

Maryland Society for Sight

Phone: (410) 243-2020



Phone: (800) 841-2900

Executive Office of Elder Affairs

Phone: (800) 922-2275

Massachusetts Commission for the Blind

Phone: (617) 727-5550

Massachusetts Executive Office of Elder Affairs

Phone: (617) 727-7750

Worcester Talking Book Library at Worcester Public Library

Phone: (508) 799-1730


Michigan Medicaid

Phone: (888) 367-6557

Office of Services to the Aging

Phone: (517) 241-4100

Bureau of Services for Blind Persons

Phone: (517) 373-2062

Michigan Aging and Adult Services Agency

Phone: (517) 373-8230

Association for the Blind and Visually Impaired

Phone: (616) 458-1187



Phone: (651) 431-2000

Minnesota State Services for the Blind

Phone: (651) 539-2300

Minnesota Braille and Talking Book Library

Phone: (507) 333-4828

Lighthouse Center for Vision Loss

Phone: (218) 624-4828

Minnesota Board on Aging

Phone: (651) 431-2500


Mississippi Medicaid

Phone: (800) 421-2408

Mississippi Aging and Adult Services

Phone: (844) 437-6282

Talking Book Services, Mississippi Library Commission

Phone: (601) 432-4116

Mississippi Council on Aging

Phone: (601) 359-4929

Mississippi Industries for the Blind

Phone: (601) 984-3200


MO HealthNet

Phone: (855) 373-4636

Area Agencies on Aging & Services

Phone: (800) 392-0210

Missouri Rehabilitation Services for the Blind

Phone: (573) 751-4249

Missouri Division of Senior and Disability Services

Phone: (573) 751-6001

Missouri Council of the Blind

Phone: (314) 832-7172


Montana Medicaid

Phone: (888) 706-1535

Montana Aging Services

Phone: (406) 444-2511

Low Vision Montana

Phone: (800) 601-5004

Montana Talking Book Library

Phone: (406) 444-2064

Montana Independent Living Project

Phone: (406) 442-5744


Nebraska Medicaid

Phone: (855) 632-7633

Eastern Nebraska Office on Aging

Phone: (402) 721-7770

Nebraska Commission for the Blind and Visually Impaired

Phone: (402) 471-3009

Nebraska Assistive Technology Partnership

Phone: (402) 471-0734

Nebraska Library Commission: Talking Book and Braille Service

Phone: (402) 471-4038


Nevada Medicaid

Phone: (877) 638-3472

Aging and Disability Services Division

Phone: (775) 687-4210

Nebraska Commission for the Blind and Visually Impaired

Phone: (402) 471-2891

Nebraska Assistive Technology Partnership

Phone: (402) 471-0734

Alliance Vision Source

Phone: (308) 762-3124

New Hampshire

New Hampshire Medicaid

Phone: (603) 271-4344

Services for Blind and Visually Impaired

Phone: (603) 271-3537

Talking Book Services, New Hampshire State Library

Phone: (603) 271-3429

New Hampshire Bureau of Elderly and Adult Services

Phone: (603) 271-4680

Assistive Technology in New Hampshire

Phone: (603) 862-4320

New Jersey

New Jersey Medicaid

Phone: (800) 356-1561

Department of Aging Services

Phone: (800) 792-9745

New Jersey Commission for the Blind and Visually Impaired

Phone: (973) 648-3333

New Jersey State Library Talking Book & Braille Center

Phone: (609) 406-7179

New Jersey Council of the Blind

Phone: (609) 912-0657

New Mexico

New Mexico Medicaid

Phone: (800) 820-6901

Area Agency on Aging

Phone: (505) 476-4799

New Mexico Commission for the Blind

Phone: (505) 476-4479

New Mexico Technology Assistance Program

Phone: (505) 841-4464

New Mexico Library for the Blind and Physically Handicapped

Phone: (505) 476-9770

New York

New York Medicaid

Phone: (800) 541-2831

Office for the Aging

Phone: (800) 342-9871

New York Commission for the Blind

Phone: (518) 474-6812

New York State Talking Book and Braille Library

Phone: (518) 474-5935

Association for the Visually Impaired

Phone: (845) 574-4950

North Carolina

North Carolina Medicaid

Phone: (888) 245-0179

Aging and Adult Services Assistance

Phone: (919) 855-3400

Medical Eye Care Program

Phone: (800) 662-7030

North Carolina Division of Services for the Blind

Phone: (919) 733-9822

Library for the Blind and Physically Handicapped, State Library of North Carolina

Phone: (919) 733-4376

North Dakota

North Dakota Medicaid

Phone: (800) 755-2604

Adults and Aging Services

Phone: (855) 462-5465

North Dakota Vision Services

Phone: (701) 795-2700

North Dakota Dual Sensory Project

Phone: (701) 795-2730

ND Assistive

Phone: (701) 365-4728


Ohio Department of Medicaid

Phone: (800) 324-8680

Ohio Department of Aging

Phone: (800) 266-4346

Ohio Library for the Blind and Physically Disabled

Phone: (216) 623-2911

Assistive Technology of Ohio

Phone: (614) 292-2390



Phone: (800) 987-7767

Oklahoma Library for the Blind and Physically Handicapped

Phone: (405) 521-3514

Oklahoma Aging Services Division

Phone: (405) 521-2281

NewView Oklahoma

Phone: (405) 232-4644

Oklahoma Council of the Blind

Phone: (877) 578-6212


Oregon Medicaid

Phone: (800) 699-9075

Area Agency on Aging (AAA)

Phone: (503) 945-5600

Services for Seniors & People with Disabilities

Phone: (503) 945-5600

Oregon Commission for the Blind

Phone: (971) 673-1588

Oregon Talking Book and Braille Library

Phone: (503) 378-5389


Pennsylvania Medicaid

Phone: (800) 692-7462

Pennsylvania Department of Aging

Phone: (717) 783-1550

Associated Services for the Blind & Visually Impaired

Phone: (215) 627-0600

Center for the Blind and Visually Impaired

Phone: (610) 874-1476

Pennsylvania Association for the Blind

Phone: (717) 766-2020

Rhode Island

Rhode Island Medicaid

Phone: (888) 657-3173

Office of Healthy Aging

Phone: (401) 462-4444

Services for the Blind and Visually Impaired

Phone: (401) 277-2382

Rhode Island Assistive Technology Access Partnership

Phone: (401) 462-7917

South Carolina 

Healthy Connections

Phone: (888) 549-0820

South Carolina Department on Aging

Phone: (800) 868-9095

Talking Book Services, South Carolina State Library

Phone: (803) 734-4611

South Carolina Assistive Technology Program

Phone: (803) 935-5263

South Carolina Commission for the Blind

Phone: (803) 898-8764

South Dakota 

South Dakota Medicaid

Phone: (605) 773-3165

South Dakota Division of Service to the Blind and Visually Impaired

Phone: (605) 773-4644

South Dakota Braille and Talking Book Library

Phone: (605) 773-3131

South Dakota Long Term Services and Supports

Phone: (605) 773-3656



Phone: (800) 342-3145

Tennessee Commission on Aging and Disability

Phone: (615) 741-2056

Tennessee Services for the Blind and Visually Impaired

Phone: (615) 313-4914

Tennessee Council for the Blind

Phone: (615) 227-1941

Tennessee Library for the Blind and Physically Handicapped

Phone: (615) 741-3915


Texas Medicaid

Phone: (800) 252-8263

Aging and Disability Resource Center

Phone: (855) 937-2372

American Foundation for the Blind Center on Vision Loss

Phone: (214) 352-7222

Lions Low Vision Center of Texas

Phone: (210) 567-8600

Texas Assistive Technology Project

Phone: (512) 232-0740


Utah Medicaid

Phone: (800) 662-9651

Aging & Adult Services

Phone: (801) 538-4171

Utah State Division of Services for the Blind and Visually Impaired

Phone: (801) 323-4343

Friends for Sight

Phone: (801) 524-2020

Utah Assistive Technology Program

Phone: (435) 797-3824


Vermont Medicaid

Phone: (800) 925-1706

Department of Disabilities, Aging and Independent Living

Phone: (802) 241-2401

Vermont Division for the Blind and Visually Impaired

Phone: (802) 241-0238

Vermont Council of the Blind

Phone: (802) 895-2973

Library for the Blind & Physically Handicapped

Phone: (802) 828-3273



Phone: (855) 242-8282

Office for Aging Services, Division for Community Living

Phone: (804) 662-9333

Virginia Department for the Blind and Vision Impaired

Phone: (804) 371-3140

Virginia Industries for the Blind

Phone: (804) 295-5168

Virginia Assistive Technology System

Phone: (804) 662-9990


Apple Health

Phone: (855) 682-0787

Washington State Department of Services for the Blind

Phone: (206) 906-5510

Washington Talking Book & Braille Library

Phone: (206) 615-0400

Sight Connection

Phone: (206) 525-5556

Vision for Independence Center

Phone: (509) 452-8301

West Virginia 

West Virginia Medicaid

Phone: (888) 483-0793

West Virginia Bureau of Senior Services

Phone: (304) 558-3317

West Virginia Office of Adult Services

Phone: (304) 356-4811

West Virginia Assistive Technology Systems

Phone: (304) 293-4692 

Services for the Blind and Physically Handicapped

Phone: (304) 528-5700


BadgerCare Plus

Phone: (608) 266-1865

Programs and Services for Older Adults in Wisconsin

Phone: (608) 266-1865

Wisconsin Talking Book and Braille Library

Phone: (414) 286-3045

Office for the Blind and Visually Impaired

Phone: (608) 266-7498

Vision Forward Association

Phone: (414) 615-0100


Wyoming Medicaid

Phone: (307) 777-7531

Wyoming Department of Health - Aging Division

Phone: (307) 777-7995

Wyoming Aging Division

Phone: (307) 777-7986

Wyoming Assistive Technology Resources

Phone: (307) 766-6187

Wyoming Council of the Blind

Phone: (307) 746-6166

Research and reports

Our research reports analyze a number of issues important to seniors, from health perceptions, medical communication, health habits, and more.


1 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Don’t Let Glaucoma Steal Your Sight! (Dec. 6, 2018). Retrieved from

2 Glaucoma Research Foundation. Types of Glaucoma. (Oct. 29, 2017). Retrieved from

3 Glaucoma Research Foundation. Normal-Tension Glaucoma. (Dec. 10, 2018). Retrieved from

4 Tsai, J. MD. High Eye Pressure and Glaucoma. (Oct. 29, 2017). Glaucoma Research Foundation. Retrieved from

5 Friedman, D. MD, MPH. Prevalence of Open-Angle Glaucoma Among Adults in the United States. (Apr. 2004). Archives of Ophthalmology, 122(4), 532-538. doi:10.1001/archopht.122.4.532.

6 National Conference of State Legislatures. State Medical Marijuana Laws. (Nov. 10, 2020). Retrieved from